The Energètic project studies the different options available to the ceramics sector to adapt its manufacturing process to the future scenario proposed by the European Commission until 2050, aimed at sustainable industrial production that decarbonises the economy.
It proposes, from an experimental point of view, various strategies for optimising and increasing the energy efficiency of the ceramic manufacturing process, but it also aims to go further and proposes alternatives based on new production processes.
The project is divided into 3 main lines of work that will be carried out simultaneously during the 3 years of the project. One of the lines of work contemplates the possibility of electrification of the current process, proposing the application of heat pumps in the ceramic manufacturing process, and on the other hand, proposing the design and construction of a prototype of a pilot electric kiln, with which different energy studies are carried out to analyse its viability in view of the possibility of future electrification of the sector.
Energètic's second line of work focuses on energy optimisation and efficiency, analysing the current situation of the sector in these terms through a study that focuses on the use of energy from ceramic kiln flows by means of innovative heat exchangers, the storage of this energy and the monitoring and optimisation of key parameters related to combustion. Another aspect addressed in this second stage is the experimental study of the concentration of CO2 present in the kiln emissions, in order to find the most suitable systems for capturing this CO2. In this task, collaboration is sought with companies in the sector interested in analysing the feasibility of implementing this technology in their facilities in the future.
The third line of work of the Energètic project is dedicated to the study of the incorporation of alternative fuels to natural gas and the integration of renewable energies in the ceramic process. To this end, the possibilities of substituting or complementing the use of natural gas with biofuels and the characteristics of the combustion of mixtures of hydrogen and natural gas are analysed. All this is carried out in the new combustion chamber for testing burners that has recently been installed in the centre's pilot plant. This line also includes a study on the possibilities of incorporating renewable energies in tile manufacturing plants for the supply of both heat and electricity.
Financed by the Instituto Valenciano de Competitividad Empresarial (IVACE), through the FEDER Regional Development Funds.